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Toxic Fumes From Explosives: Ammonium Nitrate

TOXIC FUMES FROM EXPLOSIVES: AMMONIUM NITRATEFUEL OIL MI XTURES by R F Chaiken, 1 E B Cook, 2 and T C Ruhe 3 ABSTRACT The Bureau of Mines has carried out experimental and theoretical studies with prilled and pulverized ammonium nitrate-fueloil (AN-FO) mixtures contain­ ing varying amounts of fuel oil in an attempt to quantify the ....

Explosives

Fuel oil can also be poured onto the ammonium nitrate in approximately the correct proportions as it is poured into the blasthole For this purpose, about i gal of fuel oil for each 100 lb of ammonium nitrate will equal approximately 6 percent by weight of oil...

The Dependence of Ammonium

explosives such as Ammonium Nitrate and Fuel Oil (ANFO) In this study, the effect of reaction zone flow di-vergence on ANFO detonation was explored through variation of the inert confinement and explosive diameter in the rate-stick geometry with cylinder expansion experiments New tests are discussed and compared to prior experiments...

What is the reaction of the explosive ANFO

Jul 21, 2008· This reaction is an example of detonation, a relative of the chemical process of combustion ANFO (Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil) contains both an oxidizer and fuel source The ammonium nitrate ....

Ammonium Nitrate

Prilled Ammonium Nitrate is the primary oxidizer used in the production of ammonium nitrate fuel oil mixtures; the most cost-effective bulk explosive for dry, surface and underground blasting applications...

US3129128A

ammonium nitrate fuel oil color colored oil Prior art date 1962-07-31 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed) Expired - Lifetime Application number US213585A Inventor Henryk S Berczely Original ....

Ammonium nitrate | NH4NO3

Within 3 yr, porous prilled ammonium nitrate, a product of the fertilizer industry, which had a rather large particle size, was tested extensively in both Canada and the USA in approx a 94/6 ammonium nitrate and fuel oil mixture...

US5223057A

US5223057A US04/812,567 US81256769A US5223057A US 5223057 A US5223057 A US 5223057A US 81256769 A US81256769 A US 81256769A US 5223057 A US5223057 A US 5223057A Authority US United States Prior art keywords fuel nitrate liquid monopropellant water monopropellant Prior art date 1969-03-28 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion...

Material Safety Data Sheet

Material Safety Data Sheet This material is hazardous according to criteria of NOHSC Classified as Dangerous Goods by the criteria of the Australian Code for the Transport of Explosives by Road and Rail 1 IDENTIFICATION OF THE MATERIAL AND SUPPLIER Product Name: ANFO Synonyms: Ammonium nitrate/fuel oil, ANFO 94/6 Supplier: Orica Australia ....

The dependence of Ammonium

Examples of nonideal detonation can be seen in the diameter-effect plot in Fig 1 of Jackson and Short for Ammonium-Nitrate and Fuel-Oil (ANFO), as well as for Comp B and TNT near their failure diameters, where D 0 is a strong function of radius...

Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil

Ammonium nitrate fuel oil (ANFO) is a blasting agent that consists of porous prilled ammonium nitrate and fuel oil When combined with oxygen, it is one of the safest and most affordable blasting chemicals available in the coal mining, quarrying, metal mining and civil construction industri...

Explosives

Explosives - ANFO (Ammonium Nitrate - Fuel Oil) On 10 November 2009 International troops and Afghan police seized 250 tons of ammonium nitrate fertilizer in the southern city of Kandahar...

I C bureau of mines 8179

It is important to make a definite distinction between ammonium nitrate and mixtures of ammonium nitrate with sensitizing agents such as fuel oil The fire and explosion hazards of these two classes of material are different, the mixtures presenting a greater hazard If ammonium nitrate is stored near...

Ammonium nitrate fuel oil

The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more...

Explosive for Blasting in Mines

Oct 11, 2015· how to made a ANFO (ammonium nitratefuel oil) blasting, Finding ANFO and Ore Carts in the Abandoned Lucky Prince Mine - Duration: 6:09 Exploring Abandoned Mines and Unusual Places Recommended ....

US9315429B2

The present invention relates to ammonium nitrate fuel oil mixtures, and includes compositions comprising (a) ammonium nitrate, (b) a fuel component, (c) a functionalized polymer component, and (d) an oil-soluble anionic surfactant, wherein the mixture of components (b), (c) and (d) form a gel that will not readily flow The compositions of the present invention provide improve fuel retention ....

Chemical Database: Ammonium nitrate

This page contains information on the chemical Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixtures including: 3 synonyms/identifiers; USDOT 2008 Emergency Response Guidebook initial response information EnvironmentalChemistry Environmental, Chemistry & Hazardous Materials News, Careers & ,...

AMMONIUM NITRATE

Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture is commercially available as pale white, gray, yellow, or pink oil-covered prills with a petroleum odor Non-commercially produced forms may be darker in color It is used for blasting rock and in some types of mining It will accelerate the burning of combustible materials The ammonium nitrate is soluble in ....

What is Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil Explosive

Sep 13, 2011· One example: Ammonium Nitrate and Fuel Oil I'd hardly call these safe when apart! A whole town in Germany was once destroyed when a barn full of fertilizer (ammonium nitrate) blew up...

Explosives

Ammonium nitrate is used as an oxidizing agent in explosiv When ammonium nitrate is mixed with fuel oil an extreme exothermic reaction takes place This mixture (ANFO) has become popular in ,...

AMMONIUM NITRATE

Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture is commercially available as pale white, gray, yellow, or pink oil-covered prills with a petroleum odor Non-commercially produced forms may be darker in color It is used for blasting rock and in some types of mining It will accelerate the burning of combustible materials...

Safety Data Sheet

ammonium nitrate produces nitrous oxide, white ammonium nitrate fumes and water When mixed with strong acids, and occasionally during blasting, it produces an irritating toxic brown gas, mostly of nitrogen dioxide When molten may decompose violently due to shock or pressure Hazardous reactions: Explosive material A major fire may involve a ....